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Unlike the bow or spear, the sword is a purely military weapon, and this has made it symbolic of warfare or naked state power in many cultures. The javelin is a light spear designed primarily for casting as a ranged weapon.

The names given to many swords in mythology, literature, and history reflect the high prestige of the weapon. The javelin is almost always thrown by hand (unlike the arrow and slingshot which are projectiles shot from a mechanism). There is some literary and archaeological evidence that the Norse were familiar with and used the javelin for hunting and warfare, but they commonly used a spear designed for both throwing and thrusting.

This troop type developed in the Middle Ages in response to the massed light cavalry of the Moors.

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From the mid 14th Century canon were made of up of a cylindrical wooden core alongside which longitudinal wrought iron strips were placed, and hammered over this were heated metal hoops.

The whole cannon was then heated to burn out the core and fuse the wrought iron together.

A sword is a long, edged piece of forged metal, used in many civilisations throughout the world, primarily as a cutting or thrusting weapon and occasionally for clubbing.

The word sword comes from the Old English sweord, from a Proto-Indo-European root *swer- "to wound, to cut".

This cannon is in the Crecy Museum, Crecy, France, to represent the type of cannon that may have been used at the battle of Crecy in 1346.

1st Century AD Chinese discover Saltpetre AD 492 Chinese alchemical text describes Saltpetre as burning with a purple flame 9th Century Chinese invent gunpowder 1044 Chinese describe incendiary devices, (described in a copy made in the 1550's) 1132 Chinese mention Fire Lances 1221 Chinese mention cast iron bombs 1259 Chinese describe bamboo tubes and clay pellets 1248 Roger Bacon describes the formula of gunpowder 1248 Peter bishop of Lyon reported Moors used cannon, siege of Seville, Spain 1259 the city of Qingzhou, China is manufacturing 1-2,000 iron cased bombs per month 1259 City of Melilla in North Africa is /defended by cannon 1260 Chinese arsenal of Zhao Nanchong catches fire and explodes 1260 Battle of Ain Jalut where the Mamluk Egyptians use hand guns against the Mongols 1262 Siege of Niebla, Spain, where Moors use Cannon 1268 Roger Bacon describes the use of gunpowder in crackers 1274 Abu Yaqub Yusuf, uses cannon at the siege of Sijilmasa 1279 Mongols learn how to make gunpowder and when they conquer the Chinese 1280 Hasan Al-Rammah writes in Arabic the recipe for gunpowder 1280 Albertus Magnus describes a recipe for making flying fire and gunpowder 1280 arsenal in Weiyang, China catches fire and explodes killing hundreds 1280 Siege of Cordoba where gunpowder appears to have been used 1281 Archaeological finds and documentary evidence indicate Mongol invasion fleet of Japan used grenades 1288 bronze handgun found in the Acheng district dating from this year, Heilongjiang Province, China 1298 Battle of Korcula, Croatia, the Genoese and Venetian fleets list 'Bombadieri' among their ranks and were probably grenade throwers 1304 Edward I at the siege of Stirling was said to have used a combination of oil and saltpetre as an incendiary known as Greek Fire (he did not use cannon) 1304 Egyptians use hand guns against the Mongols 1306 Siege of Gibraltar where gunpowder appears to have been used 1313 Canon used in Ghent (1313 Berthold Schwartz a friar from Breisgau in Germany was said to have made the first gun but now thought to be a renaissance invention) 1324 Cannon used at Siege of Metz 1324 English fortress of La Réole in Gascony falls after a month's bombardment by cannon 1326 Illustration of cannon by Walter Milemete in a book presented to the future Edward III 1326 Florentine document directs manufacture of metal cannon and inventory lists a bronze cannon (there are some doubts over this document) 1327 Cannon used by English against the Scots 'crakys of war', as described by John Barbour writing in 1375 1331 Cannon used at the siege of Cividale in Friuli, Italy 1331 Siege of Alicante, Spain, cannon described 1332 Chinese canon found.

It is thought that gunpowder was invented in China and found its way to Europe in the 13th Century.

In the mid to late 13th Century gunpowder began to be used in cannons and handguns, and by the mid 14th Century they were in common use.

By the end of the 14th Century both gunpowder, guns and cannon had greatly evolved and were an essential part of fortifications which were being modified to change arrow slits for gun loops.

The Chinese record the first use of gunpowder and was first invented in Europe by Roger Bacon in 1248, there is speculation that he may have had links with the moors of Spain who used gunpowder.

The optimum proportions of modern gunpowder are: Saltpetre (Potassium Nitrate) 74.64%, Sulphur 11.85%, Charcoal 13.51% meaning tube Gun, gunne, gonne, the origin of the word is unclear and various ideas have been put forward that it comes from the French word magonnel (mangonneau), the english word engine, the old Norse word for war gunne, or a ladies name.

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